A formal statement of competency resulting from a process of assessment or audit of an individual’s competency, certifying that an individual possesses the education, training and experience required to meet specific job performance requirements
A qualification may enable an individual to work independently, depending on local and national policies. It is also used to identify a process of formal confirmation that an individual meets qualification requirements.
Achieving qualification is generally a two-step process: both education and training is needed, although the weight of these two components may vary. Education is a knowledge-driven process which occurs mainly in accredited academic institutions, whereas training is an application-driven process occuring either on the site of the work, or in specialized training centers. Education aims creating, maintaining and transmitting knowledge. On the other hand, training is mainly oriented to acquire the skills necessary to perform a specific job.